Hair is an essential element for the beauty of every woman. It gives the fullness of personality to them. At the same time, it is matter of great mental agony for a woman if hair fall occurs regularly.
I have seen many woman who spend hour after hour to care their hair. It implies thatevery woman is passionate for her hair. Many woman suffering from hair fall become anxious whether they will get the right partner or their partner will love them. That is why hair fall is not only a physical problem but also a mental problem that influence the married life of every couple.
In this article, I will present the nature of hair loss in woman. You may have known that heredity hair is the common reason for man and woman. But there are some other reason for woman hair loss. Female pattern hair loss is caused by the same reason as men, the androgenic alopecia. Due to this reason hair thinning starts on the front of the scalp
Here I am describing some reasons of woman hair loss.
After pregnancy, major surgery, weight loss Telogen effluvium may occur. Some medication for pregnancy or surgery also causes this. If you are in stressful situation Telogen effluvium also may happen with you. You will experience handful hair after applying shampoo, brush etc.
Among the patient of Hypothyroidism, most are woman. Thyroid hormone is responsible for the growth of your hair. If this hormone is produced, less then extensive hair loss takes place.
Lupus is another fatal disease that makes immune system attack the healthy tissue. Normally woman face lupus after giving birth a child. So how would you know that you are affected by lupus? Headache, ulcer, fever, swelling in feet and hand are the symptom of lupus. If you see these symptoms consult your doctor. Extensive hair loss is another major sign of lupus.
At the time of heavy period if you don’t have a sufficient amount of iron rich food, you have to face iron deficiency. Most of the time iron deficiency leads to mild hair loss.
Artificial color, excessive use of shampoo are harmful for scalp and hair. Applying various chemical made hair products can seriously damage the hair follicles. So choosing the right products and applying with proper knowledge can reduce the risk of hair fall.
At last, I would say if you can identify the underlying causes of your hair fall then it would be easy to go for treatment. As early you can detect the causes, your hair loss will be minimized.
Reasons for Hair Loss in Women Under 25
Hair thinning and hair loss can happen in younger women under 25. Hair growth is like growth of plants in a garden. How well plants grow depend on what is happening underground. Likewise, a normal hair cycle is also in demand to produce hair. There are things that can affect normal hair cycle and prevent hair from being formed properly, leading to hair fall. There can be both common and uncommon reasons that cause hair fall in young women.
Physical trauma of any kind such as a car accident, surgery, a severe illness or even flu can be reason for temporary hair loss. Such reasons can trigger a sort of hair fall called telogen effluvium. Hair cycle has three stages to go through, including growth stage, rest stage and shedding stage. In case of a stressful event, hair cycle can get shocked, pushing more hair onto the shedding stage, as pointed out by Marc Glashofer, a dermatologist in New York City. Hair fall typically becomes noticeable few months after trauma. When the body recovers from the stressful situation, hair starts to grow back.
Pregnancy involves huge physical stress, which can cause hair loss. Giving birth can be traumatic, as pointed out by Dr. Glashofer. Pregnancy-related hair fall is usually seen after birth of a baby rather than during pregnancy. This type of hair fall usually does not last more than few months.
Excessive Vitamin A
Excessive consumption of vitamin A supplements or medications can cause hair fall, as suggested by the American Academy of Dermatology. This type of hair fall is reversible. Once consumption of excessive amount of vitamin A is discontinued, hair can grow again normally.
Lack of Protein
Protein deficiency can be reason for hair fall. In case of protein shortage, body can allocate protein for other functions, depriving hair of protein and shutting down hair growth. Hair fall can begin few months after protein deficiency happens. There are many great sources of protein such as eggs, meat and fish. For vegetarians, there are also vegetarian sources of protein.
Heredity can be a reason for hair loss. If you are from a family where women had tendency to lose hair, you are likely to be more prone to hair fall as well. Women usually do not have a receding hairline. They experience widening of parting and thinning of hair. Minoxidil (2%) is approved by FDA to treat hair fall in women. Minoxidil can be helpful for this type of hair loss.
Birth Control Pills
Stopping or switching birth-control pills can also cause hair loss. But this is usually a temporary problem.
Like physical stress, emotional stress can also cause hair fall. Divorce, death of loved ones or other incidents that can cause emotional stress, can also cause hair fall. It can also worsen the problem if it already exists. Hair loss caused by emotional stress eventually ends. It is good to try to reduce stress by exercising or participating in spiritual activities.
Women can suffer from anemia in case of iron deficiency, which can be a reason for hair loss. A doctor can recommend blood test to determine whether you have this type of anemia. Apart from hair loss, there are other symptoms of anemia including pale skin, dizziness, headache, fatigue and cold hands and feet. In order to address the problem, iron supplement can be useful.
Underactive thyroid gland, in medical term, is hypothyroidism. The little gland generates hormones that are important for metabolism as well as growth and development. When this gland is not generating enough hormones, hair fall can happen. A doctor can recommend an appropriate test to determine the real reason. In order to take care of the problem, synthetic thyroid medication can be useful. Hair growth can return to normal when thyroid levels get back to normal.
Vitamin B Deficiency
Vitamin B deficiency can be a reason for hair loss. Supplementation can help address the problem. Sourcing vitamin B from healthy diet can be even better. Vitamin B is available in non-citrus fruits, starchy vegetables, meat and fish.
Autoimmune-related Hair Loss
Autoimmune-related hair loss is also known as alopecia areata. This is caused by an overactive immune system. Overactive immune system makes the body confused. As a result, immune system considers hair as something foreign and targets it by mistake. In treating alopecia areata, steroid injections can be useful. Rogaine may also be useful.
Lupus is another autoimmune disease, which can also cause hair loss. In this case, also immune cells attack the hair by mistake. The bigger problem with this type of hair fall is that hair will not grow back, as pointed out by Dr. Hammonds.
Dramatic Weight Loss
Sudden weight loss is like a type of physical trauma that can cause hair thinning. This can happen even though the weight loss is actually good for you. To body, sudden weight loss is like a shock, which causes hair fall for about six months. About six months after sudden weight loss, the problem starts to correct itself.
Some drugs that combat cancer can also cause hair fall. Chemotherapy ruins rapidly dividing cells including cancer cells and hair. Once chemotherapy is discontinued, hair will grow again with a different texture or color. Researchers are working on producing drugs, reducing side effects including hair fall.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is about lack of balance in male and female sex hormones. Extra androgens can cause weight gain, ovarian cysts, changes in menstrual period, infertility, increase in risks of diabetes and hair thinning. PCOS can also cause increase in hair on face and body in women. Proper treatment of PCOS can help bring back hormonal balance and reverse some of the negative effects.
Different hair treatments and vigorous styling can cause hair to fall over the years. There are various means of extreme styling such as hair weaves, tight braids and chemical relaxers to straighten hair, harsh chemical of any kind or hot-oil treatments etc. These hair styling practices can harm the hair root and hair may not grow back as a result. It is good to reduce use of these styling practices. It is even better to avoid these styles and treatments, as recommended by the American Academy of Dermatology.
The reasons mentioned above, can actually cause hair loss not only in women under 25 but also in older women. The good thing is that some of the reasons cause temporary hair fall and some reasons are addressable, which can help prevent or reverse their negative effects.
Is Female Hair Loss Genetic?
Female hair loss can occurs due to both genetic and non-genetic reasons. Hair loss that occurs due to genetic reason is also known as androgenetic alopecia (AGA), hereditary hair loss or female pattern hair loss. Genetic causes behind female hair loss, shortens the growth phase of hair cycle, causing hair follicles to shrink slowly. In genetic hair loss, the follicles gradually get smaller, producing smaller and finer hair until it ceases to produce hair, triggering thinning. Women with genetic hair loss experience a general thinning of the hair. Hair loss also occurs extensively on the top of the head and along the part. Genetic hair loss usually occurs as women age, but it can also begin in early 20’s.
Hereditary female hair loss occurs in women who have a family history of this type of hair loss and the inherited genes. There can be more than one gene that play a role. Genetic cause behind early-onset female pattern hair loss can be different from genetic cause behind late-onset female pattern hair loss. Early-onset hair loss is the one that begins earlier than normal. Late-onset hair loss is the one that begins when women age.
There is a myth that genetic hair loss is only inherited from any one side of the family. Actually a person can inherit hair thinning gene from either mother or father or both. When number of close relatives experience thinning hair, your chances of experiencing hair loss can also increase.
The genetic female hair loss can be distressing as it can cause balding and thinning in the same way as it does to the men. If can affect confidence, self-esteem, relationship and quality of life.
Treatment for Hereditary Hair Loss in Women
If you have androgenetic alopecia or hereditary hair loss, you are unlikely to be able to regrow the lost hair. There are surgical and cosmetic methods available that can camouflage hair loss. There is also one medicine, which, in some cases, can help slow down hair loss in women. Your doctor can diagnose the condition and advice you about options to go for. The advice may also be just doing nothing in some cases. You may use shampoo or color. It will not affect hair loss. It can be useful to avoid certain hairstyles and hair clips that can stress and damage healthy hair.
Topical minoxidil (2%) is the only licensed medicine in the UK for treating female pattern hair loss. It is applied as a hair lotion. It works best in women who have small areas of hair loss or who have begun to lose hair recently. About 25% of women have experienced at least moderate hair regrowth. It can take about four months for hair regrowth to be noticeable. The medicine needs to be applied indefinitely. In case treatment is discontinued, benefits of the medication will disappear in four months. The woman who discontinues the treatment may suffer more noticeable hair loss. It is important to follow the instructions that come with the treatment. It is important to follow the advice regarding who shouldn’t use the treatment or what the possible side effects are or when it should be discontinued or when to seek medical advice.
Women who are pregnant or trying to get pregnant or breastfeeding should not take any medication for female pattern hair loss including minoxidil. There are supplements that claim that they can regrow hair. However, there is inadequate scientific evidence to support such claim. Therefore, women should avoid such supplements.
Cosmetic options to hide Hair Loss
Some women rely on cosmetic methods to camouflage hair loss. Restyling hair can help cover bare areas. Some shampoos and conditioners can give the perception of thicker hair. Keratine microfiber is another option. It can be sprinkled on the scalp in the affected area. The microfibers give more volume to the hair and help hide the scalp. Some women use tattooing to camouflage hair loss, which is known as dermatography. Some women wear wig to hide hair loss.
Hair plantation can be an option. It involves surgery moving scalp grafts from one area with plenty of hair to areas with less hair. The surgery is typically done under local anaesthetic. Hair plantation is expansive and takes time and patience to get to desired result.
There is now more modern technique like micro grafting that yields a more natural result than previously used techniques such as transplanting hair plugs, as pointed out by The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). There are also other hair grafting techniques.
Like any other surgical procedure, hair transplantation has complications including the risk of infection, bleeding, pain, swelling at either recipient site or donor site, disappointing hair growth or appearance of the transplanted hair. Specialists recommend that women avoid artificial hair implantation, as there is risk of infection.
Hair transplant clinics offer laser treatment for genetic female hair loss in the UK. It is believed that light enhances blood supply to the hair follicles, boosting hair growth. It is also believed to ruin dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is produced by androgen and linked to hair loss. The techniques and equipment of laser treatment can vary. There are also hand-held devices like laser combs that can be used at home. Experts however are unsure of long-term safety regarding use of such devices.
Opinions regarding how effective laser treatment is can vary widely. There may not be adequate evidence from clinical trials that support claims made by clinics that offer the treatment.
Regardless of availability of options to treat female genetic hair loss, it is always best to consult a doctor or hair specialist to choose a treatment option. As female genetic hair loss can be depressing, counselling may be helpful. Local support groups are helpful in this regard. Your doctor can also arrange psychological support for you.