Alopecia areata is a common type of hair fall. It is a primary stage for developing baldness. When anyone is affected with alopecia areata, he or she faces some hair fall in a particular area or patch. The fallen hair grows back after a few months but some people lose hair permanently.
There is no particular age at which you may be affected. But it is seen that it is developed in teenage. Most of the people are affected with alopecia before 21 years.
Symptoms of alopecia areata
The first sign of alopecia is bald patches on the scalp. These patches are not large; it may be a coin size. If you are affected with patches then rest of the part of your scalp will remain as normal as it as it was before. But it starts to expand to the near area. Although it is difficult to predict how it will progress. Some tendency before developing alopecia areata is described below
- When bald patches are appeared the hair falls out but within a few months, the hair grows back. But it loses its color. It takes few months to get it’s color back.
- After appearing the first patches, more patches starts to grow within few months. It is seen that the first bald start to fill with hair but new other patches starts to develop.
- Then the two or more patches merge with each other.
- Not only your scalp is affected with alopecia areata it also affects other parts of your body such as beard, eyebrow, eyelashes etc.
- Some people experience burning or itching before affecting with alopecia areata.
- Hair follicles are affected but not destroyed. That’s why after hair fall hair grows back.
- Sometimes your nail shows some symptoms such as pitted or ridged nails. Some people notice dents and white spots on their nails. Sometimes nails become rough and lose shine.
- At the bottom of the hair, it gets narrower and it grows around the bald spots.
- Some hairs broken down before it reach to the skin surface.
- Sometimes hairs of bald area become white due to hair fall.
Alopecia areata sometimes affects the whole body, which is called alopecia universalis. Sometime alopecia affects just beard area, which is called alopecia barbae.
Moreover, not all the symptoms are appeared at the same time. Even no one experiences the same symptoms. It varies from people to people. It may be tough to identify alopecia areata just seeing one of this signs. To be sure, it needs an expert eye. So don’t take any medication just seeing one of these symptoms. Please consult with your doctors whether you are affected with alopecia areata or not.